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Am fost curios să văd și partea academică privind suspendările de președinți, cazul României din 2007 nu apare în reviste de specialitate relevante în exterior. În cazul altor ţări, explicaţiile merg de la fragilitatea coaliţiilor şi polarizare până la corupţie şi schimbarea centrului de greutate între puteri.
 Reference List
Young Hun K, Bahry D. Interrupted Presidencies in Third Wave DemocraciesJournal Of Politics [serial online]. July 2008;70(3):807-822. Available from: Academic Search Alumni Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 30, 2012.
Conclusions
We began this essay with the question of what makes elected democratic presidents vulnerable to resignation or removal. Our results show that divided government and party fragmentation increase the potential for conflict. Many presidents manage to find accommodation with congress, but having fewer stable partisan resources in the legislature makes that less likely. Problems also seem to increase when the balance of power within government is skewed toward the chief executive.  
Dual legitimacy plays an important role as well. As Linz noted, presidents can claim a countrywide mandate and thus may operate on the assumption that they command more national support than do MPs.
But a low first-round vote share for the president means a weaker base of initial support, one that may reduce deputies’ willingness to accede to the president’s agenda.
Overt public mobilization against a president is another major liability, demonstrating constituents’ unwillingness to sit by until the next election.
Acosta A, Polga-Hecimovich J. Coalition Erosion and Presidential Instability in EcuadorLatin American Politics & Society [serial online]. Summer2011 2011;53(2):87-111. Available from: Academic Search Alumni Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 30, 2012.
Ecuador offers an ideal testing ground to assess the validity of these claims. Traditionally portrayed as a difficult nation to govern, given its high legislative fragmentation, the country underwent significant political reforms between 1995 and 1998 to improve the president’s ability to influence policies. Some of these reforms strengthened presidential  rerogatives
to influence the legislative process through increased veto powers and gave the president greater powers to initiate “fast-track” legislation.
At the same time, reforms curbed the president’s ability to use and distribute available coalition incentives to legislative partners, including the ability to transfer budget allocations to friendly constituencies. As this study shows, even though constitutional reforms expanded the time horizons of legislative actors and the agenda-setting powers of the president, the scarcity of coalition incentives undermined the duration of government coalitions after 1996.

Alte titlu

Hochstetler K. Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy/Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America. Latin American Politics & Society [serial online]. Fall2008 2008;50(3):163-167. Available from: Academic Search Alumni Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 30, 2012.

 

 

 

Anunțuri

Postul de luni despre referendum pe care îl public azi

Hai că voi fi scurt.

Dacă avem majoritate Băse pleacă.

Dacă nu avem majoritate se poate orice. Adică putem interpreta și Parlamentul să decidă orice.

La interpretări vor fi câte în lună și în stele despre Băse.

Pentru mine rezultatul votului are însă și o altă seminificație, separat de ce vor spune sociologii sau oamenii de partid.

Bref: USL va primi sub 5 milioane de voturi, Băse va primi si el sub 5,2 miloane voturi.

Cu alte cuvinte

1. După Victor Ponta – daca Băse primește mai puțin de 5,2 milioane de voturi ar trebui să plece.

2. Și USL va primi mai puțin de 5 milioane de voturi, adică mai puțin decât la locale (dacă nu mă înșel)

În concluzie, ar trebui cumva să plece și USL ?

PS: Din păcate sau din fericire pentru USL, mâine vom avea confirmarea că această alianță nu va trece de 50 % la alegerile generale. Zic din fericire pentru că mai au timp să se  redreseze.

Fragmente

Why Must Men Wear Pants? by Vince Beiser 
If you’re a male who has ever lounged in a bathrobe, relaxed in a kimono or, for whatever reason, slipped on a skirt, you know the truth: pants are stupid. Why are we consigned to spend our days in these anatomically inhibiting, temperature boosting vestments?  

 

Why a new European security strategy isn’t needed by by James Rogers  
Over recent months there have been several – often well-argued and highlyconsidered – calls for a new European Security Strategy to be drafted. The argument is put that the European Security Strategy of 2003, now almost a decade old, is outdated and requires redrafting so as to better reflect the new security environment of the second decade of the twenty-first century.

Astăzi, la TVR Info, de la 16.20

Voi fi astăzi la TVR Info, de la ora 16.20, unde comentez pe teme de actualitate. Pe net puteți viziona aici.