Placebo la control

Cunoscutul efect placebo este întors pe toate fețele într-un articol în care cred că este mai multă psihologie și sociologie decât medicină. Totuși, important este scopul, adică sănătatea.

The Placebo PhenomenonAn ingenious researcher finds the real ingredients of “fake” medicine.

Those findings led to the team’s most recent work: imaging the brains of physicians whilethey treat patients—a side of the treatment equation that no one had previously examined. (The researchers constructed an elaborate set-up in which the doctors lay in fMRI machines specially equipped to enable them both to see their patients outside the machine and administer what they thought was a nerve-stimulating treatment.) “Doctors give subtle cues to their patients that neither may be aware of,” Kaptchuk explains. “They are a key ingredient in the ritual of medicine.” The hope is that the new brain scans will reveal how doctors’ unconscious thought figures into the treatment recipe.

 

Drobul nuclear indian

Știrea venită pe surse indiene despre pregătirea populației în eventualitatea unui atac nuclear  din partea Pakistanului în regiunea Cașmirului a făcut ceva vâlvă. Situația îmi aduce aminte de filmul de ficțiune, de acum câțiva ani, realizat de televiziunea belgiană flamanda privind un posibil scenariu al declarării independenței flamande și sciziunea Belgiei.
Este deajuns să ai vreo câteva elemente reale de context negativ și deja ai o posibilă spirală a speculațiilor.
În luna ianuarie 2013, între Pakistan și India au avut loc 3 contacte la nivel militar și diplomatic înalt. Primul, pe 1 ianuarie, era programat în baza unui tratat, se repetî de 22 de ani, cele două delegații schimbă în fiecare an o lista actualizată cu locațiile nucleare proprii și cu locațiile rachetelor balistice convenționale, a doua listă, este cea de prizonieri.
Pe 6 ianuarie a avut loc incidentul de graniță soldat cu victime.
Pe 14 ianuarie comandanții militari ai celor două armate s-au întânit.
Pe 16 ianuarie aceeași generali au vorbit la telefon.
Pe 21 ianuarie departamentul regional din Cașmir a ieșit cu anunțul respectiv, să se facă, să se dreagă...
Pe 22 și 23 ianuarie apar diversele interpretări belicoase, hai la luptă ! vai de noi ! să știi că te-am iubit mai tare decât restul nevestelor, ai fost trandafirul meu de Damasc înpurpurat pe lacul de smarald din fața Taj Mahalului…

Și vine concluzia, unde ? evident în Revista Cașmirul Mare:

Omar irked over ‘daft’ advisory
Political Parties Condemn ‘Scaring’ Act
NUCLEAR ATTACK
MUDDASIR ALI
Srinagar, Jan 23: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah Wednesday criticized state police’s Disaster Response Force for issuing an advisory on nuclear war which triggered widespread concern in Kashmir.
“What a daft idea. Indian Kashmir told to prepare for nuclear war: ‘Build a bunker and stockpile food’,” Omar said on micro blogging site Twitter. On Monday, State Disaster Response Force – a wing of JK Police- came up with the advisory for the people in case there is a nuclear war. The advisory was published in several local newspapers.
It asked people to construct toilet-fitted basements where the whole family could stay for a fortnight apart from asking them to stock the shelter with non-perishable food items and water.
“Reminds me of the ludicrous civil defence plans in Britain which led to biggest anti-nuke movement in the 1980s,” Amitabh Mattoo, Director Australia India Institute at the University of Melbourne, responded to Omar’s tweet.
He wrote that the then British government issued a pamphlet ‘Protect and Survive’ quite similar to the “absurd guidelines” in J&K.
“Why this exercise (advertisement on nuclear war), anyway?” one of Omar’s followers tweeted him. “Damned if I know. I’m not building a bunker & stockpiling food that’s for sure,” Omar responded.
More than anything else, it was the timing of the advisory that raised eyebrows in Kashmir in the wake of the Indo-Pak skirmishes along the Line of Control (LoC).
The neighboring countries, both nuclear powers, traded accusations and counter accusations on violating cease fire agreement on the LoC in place since November 2003. The tensions also affected the cross LoC trade and travel between the two countries.
The police advisory also caught the attention of the international media.
“Build a bunker: Indian police warn people in Kashmir to prepare for nuclear war,” was the story carried by Daily Mail in UK. The advisory was followed by international news agencies like AFP and AP.
The New York Times also carried a story under the headline: „India Warns Kashmiris to Prepare for Nuclear War.”
The advisory evoked critical remarks from mainstream political parties too.
Ruling National Conference said the timing of the advertisement was not right, particularly in the wake of the escalating situation between India and Pakistan.
“The intent behind the advertisement was right but the timing was wrong,” said National Conference spokesman Tanvir Sadiq.
Opposition Peoples Democratic Party termed the advisory as “scaring act.” The party chief spokesman, Naeem Akthar, said it was inappropriately timed because of the recent LoC crisis and the subsequent debate that even mentioned on occasions the possibility of nuclear war.
“This has created definite scare among people,” Akthar said.
Meanwhile, the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Home Guards/Civil Defence and State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) today clarified the advertisement was issued on the eve of 1st Raising Day of SDRF to create awareness about the natural and manmade calamities.
“It was a routine exercise to raise general awareness and educate people about preventive measures to be taken in the event of various disasters like floods, earth quake, snow avalanches or manmade disasters. There is no alarming situation in the state,” he said.

Foto credit

Astăzi, la TVR 1, de la 21.30

Voi fi astăzi la TVR 1, de la ora 21.30, unde comentez pe teme de actualitate. Pe net puteți viziona aici. (atenție, acest link nu merge mereu și, din păcate, nu știu altul)

Non-violența, filozofie și tehnică

O prezentare foarte bună a lui Gene Sharp The Machiavelli of non-violence

For Sharp, a principled belief in non-violence was necessary for the techniques to work. Yet his research showed that non-violent struggles were overwhelmingly waged by people who did not have ethical or religious objections to violence. He first became aware of this while sitting in a library and examining newspaper accounts of the use of non-violent protest in India. “I was copying by hand descriptions in Indian or English newspapers of what was happening in one of these conflicts. It became clear that the resisters were acting non-violently without that belief. I stopped taking notes. Should I write that down or skip that part? I wrote it down. In time, I realised this was not a grave problem but an immense opportunity. It will not be necessary to convert masses of humanity to believe in principled non-violence before abandoning violence in conflicts.”